Importance and Relevance of Scientific Awareness in our society – Kavitha Menon

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Author: Kavitha Menon
Company: Srishti Innovative, Leela Building, Technopark

Importance and Relevance of Scientific Awareness in our society

Technopark the largest IT park in India, is a dream that turned to reality due to the sustenance of Science and Technology.  Technopark made Trivandrum a new identity in the form of knowledge and expertise wherein our city stand out on the world IT map.  Technology Business has supported and enabled start-ups and potential entrepreneurs to convert their innovative ideas into viable businesses.

What can we feel from this?

Science is an important factor in our daily life like the movement of blood in our nerves which is obviously related to science. We live in this Earth due to the advent of Science. We are indebted to science for the facilities it has placed at our hands. Our daily life has become comfortable and easy due to scientific inventions which have saved labor time and dependence on others.

Science provides us with extra incredible eyes in the form of telescopes and microscopes to enable to see the wonders of creation to which our normal eyes can’t view. Science provides us with extra brains in the form of calculators and computers, to memories and solves problems. Science provides us with extra ears in the shape of phones to hear distant calls.  From the time we awake in the morning to the time we go to bed science flow in and out as daily we use scientific inventions.

New methods and devices for inventions and diagnosis have helped to detect the diseases and recognize them. Advancements in medicine and surgery have eliminated premature deaths and have helped to prolonged to life.  New approaches and knowledge in agriculture have spurred more production to help feed the growing inhabitants.

Let’s be aware of the importance of Science in our everyday life.

Science is extremely important in everyday life because there is not one aspect of daily living that science has not made easier, faster or safer. Science results in technology that people rely on for health, communication and transportation. Scientific knowledge helps people understand the world from a cellular to a universal level. Every day in the morning we wake up with the sound of nature which is related to science and also the noise of machines, cars, mills and factories, etc. The food we eat, the clothes we wear, the books and papers we read, the recreations we enjoy, the games we play – all have something or other to do with the application of science. Every person feels the effects of science in every sphere of life. It is not merely the electric light or the electric fan, the radio or the cinema that displays the power of science in our daily life, but everything we do or is done to us is in some way or another connected with science. Our clothes are made in large factories where scientific methods are used. Papers needed in our daily life for writing, printing etc.  From where do we get this? From our nature and later the paper mills turn out huge quantities of it.

We have learned during our school days that the Earth revolves around the Sun. Most people have a basic understanding of natural processes such as how moisture evaporates then condenses and fall as rain or how oxygen travels through the body in the bloodstream. Science is the reason for the ever-increasing understanding that people have about the world around them. All of us have to travel daily for one or other reason, to go to School, to Office, to Home, to Sports to Health clubs, to Market, to Devotional places etc. So daily we have to travel from one place to another. We travel with quickness. How this is possible? It’s conceivable through the various scientific inventions in traveling.

We get news of events that happened yesterday in all parts of the world. Why should we talk of yesterday? With the help of the radio, we can listen to a citizen speaking in or out of our area. It would seem that the person is before us and we are part of their audience. If we want to send a message to a person anywhere around us in this world, we can send an email and the person will receive it in a fraction of seconds. If we want to speak to our friends far from us, our wireless technology helps each of us to share our thoughts and views in our own voice which connects each other through world of sound..
The fan and light works from the application of electricity. Electricity is one of the wonders of modern science. The motor vehicles which have an engine works with fuel either petrol or diesel. The train is driven by the power of coal or electricity. This is possible only because of the application and invention of science in our daily life.  In medical science doctor gives certain medicines/injections for the betterment of patient’s health and to get well soon. Therefore medical science is another achievement of modern science, the marvel of medicine.

Eventually due to many reasons that we come across to fulfill our daily needs, we can see which is very crystal clear that science is playing an important part in our everyday life.  Science is creating wonders almost every day. What was once sheer fantasy is now almost a reality by virtue of the recent achievements of science. Almost everything that makes eases our daily life are the wonders of modern science.

Computers are widely used by common people for their day-to-day transactions and communications. Any sector whether industry / education / agriculture / medical, everywhere we depend on computers for data storage, software developments, learning, enjoying etc. The effects of medicines are so miraculous that by means of these medicines, fatal diseases can be controlled. Many deadly diseases can be cured by the application of medicine on proper time. Human heart-transplantation is a significant achievement in the field of surgery. In fact, transplantation of human organs is quite possible now to save the lives of all.

Television has become a medium of the audio-visual method of learning. It remains one of the most significant contributions of science to the society. We cannot think of living without our mobile phones. Apart from talking to a distant friend, we can browse internet on our smartphones.  When we go out exploring our family vacation during holidays, we can take photographs through a camera yet another scientific invention which has been in use to our life much before.

It is, indeed, true that science has added tremen­dously to the comforts and conveniences of mankind. One has no reason to reject the things science offers. By conquering time and distance science has brought mankind together and so far made life richer. By inventing medicines it has made our day-to-day existence relatively free from disease, and has, indeed, added to our length of life.  

By the device of electromagnetic waves, photographs of Venus and Mars, millions of miles away, were transmitted by spacecraft’s to the earth. Atom is energy producing electrical power and the radioactive isotopes and tracers are doing marvels in the fields of agriculture and industry. The role of science is significant in our daily life. The wonderful inventions of science such as electricity, fans, air-conditioners, television, mobile phones, motor-vehicles, etc. has eased our life, and now it has become almost impossible to live without using them.  In the daily life of a man science is visible.  Similarly, quick means of communication have brought all around the world together. We can talk to any person through telephone and mobiles. Electronic mail has made the transmission of any message across internet to any person in this world.  A plane or ship in danger can at once contact on wireless the nearest aerodrome or port and get timely help. The trade and commerce have got a new life by the establishment of huge industrial plants. One may feel surprised if one sees how modern factories and mills run and how their products are exported to every corner of the world.  Science has a significant role in the field of health and wellness.

Human body has been thoroughly studied and most of the diseases are controlled by life-giving medicines and miraculous surgery.  Thus, the importance of science in our life cannot be denied. It should only be used for the welfare of humanity.  
To examine the impact of scientific change on society we have to look at many aspects of the links between science and society — strengths, weaknesses, benefits, pitfalls and possible future directions. Science affect virtually everyone — agriculture and food production, genetic research in medicine, global change, and energy. Our scientific methods have tended to emphasize the study of individual natural processes and understanding nature more than predicting its behaviour. While these approaches and perspectives have built up a considerable base of knowledge and led to a vast portfolio of useful technologies, many of the problems now facing humankind can be solved only if we approach science more holistically. Greater effort is needed to understand the importance and relevance of science in our society. 

The impact of technological interventions on individual people, communities and the environment must also be carefully considered. A holistic approach also demands that science draw on the contributions of the humanities (such as history and philosophy), local knowledge systems, and the wide variety of cultural values. 

The influence of science on people’s lives is growing.  Another major trend shaping science is globalization. Internet is the source for all information exchange between individual researchers, institutions and governments. For science to be truly global, more effort is needed to ensure all countries, rich and poor, and a wide range of world cultures are included in collaborative research and technology transfer. This is especially important in areas like global climate change which will affect, sooner or later, all human beings.  Good scientific communication via the mass media is especially important in those areas directly and strongly affecting people’s lives — for example, before, during and after natural disasters such as storms, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, as well as in the general area of global change or depletion of natural resources.   
On one hand, science is a major tool of the ideology currently driving the world economy, namely that of the free market system, continual growth and the pursuit of personal wealth. On the other hand, science is increasingly being called on to produce knowledge and technology that promote environmentally sustainable, people-oriented development and long-term management of resources. 

In the coming century, the rate of change of natural and human conditions and issues can be expected to continue to accelerate. Scientists have an increasing obligation to become involved with government, law, and the public in finding and implementing solutions or means of adaptation to issues that are both local and world-wide.  The role of science in society and governance has never been more important.
Science, technology and innovation are increasingly important to our economic well-being and quality of life. Science literacy helps us understand and shape our daily lives. It helps us as we interact with our environment, asking questions and seeking answers. This question-and-answer process lies at the heart of knowing and doing science. It’s a way of thinking and knowing about the natural and physical components of the world we live in.  For managing our health and well-being, science literacy plays a key role. Everyone can be included and engaged in science by linking daily personal experiences to science, regardless of where they live, how they live or what language they speak.

Our collective science knowledge comes from the contributions of many different cultures and people over time. Access to science education develops confidence and builds positive self-image for all learners, regardless of culture, gender, race, social class or religious beliefs.    
Understanding time periods in history and societies, for example, involves learning about scientific innovations and technology used during those periods. Science is also very much intertwined in the creative world of art, dance and music. It is science that allows us to understand how we hear music, how we move our bodies to dance and how our eyes see art.  Even more, science offers a powerful platform for building confidence, developing communication skills and making sense of the world around us – a world that is increasingly shaped by science and technology.  

Whether we’re choosing products to consume in our daily routines and considering their impact on the environment, or making informed decisions about our health care, science plays a part.  Science not only shapes our daily lives, it is also the foundation of an innovative culture and can be found at the core of significant political decisions. 

Furthermore, students need to be more fully involved in public discussion of science and its applications. Not only are they the ones who will be most affected by the current direction of science, they are also the scientists and law makers of tomorrow. Outside of school, we don’t segment our lives into biology, chemistry and physics periods – yet science underpins nearly all of our everyday life.  Science can also be found in history, geography, philosophy, physical education, the arts and other subject areas.   Integration of different sciences can also help learners connect concepts and explicitly link different disciplines of science. Reading, writing and speaking are all essential to comprehending and communicating scientific issues and ideas.
Language and literacy skills are integral to knowing and doing science.  The skills of sorting and classifying, estimating and counting, measuring, graphing, collecting data and analyzing are frequently used when doing science.  For instance, understanding and predicting how forces act on a structure involves science, mathematics and design technology through data collection, measurement, presentation and interpretation skills.  Science is a way of knowing and thinking about the natural and physical world that surrounds us. Observing, measuring, gathering, classifying, predicting and communicating are some of the skills that are fundamental to science investigations, problem solving and decision making. These key skills all contribute to science as a body of knowledge and a way of knowing.  

Science encompasses many aspects of our daily lives. Our society is becoming more technology driven and there are many instances of science in our daily lives. Scientific and entrepreneurial development affects the way in which society evolves.  Science is a way of understanding the world, a perspective and a pattern of thinking that begins early in one’s life. Scientific advances over the last fifty years have led to revolutionary changes in health, nutrition and communication, and generally enhancing socio-economic development and the quality of our lives. The role of science promises to be greater in the future because of the ever-more rapid scientific progress. Our society is becoming increasingly dependent on science and technology.  A scientifically literate person understands the inter-relationships of science and society, ethics, the nature of science, including basic concepts and relationships of science and humanities. 

The flame in the Olympic torch symbol of national sporting aspiration and achievement owes much to science.  A number of economic studies have concluded that there is a clear link between technological progress and economic growth, both at the level of the individual firm and the economy more generally.  Key Audiences of Science awareness is Government sector, Business and Industry sector, Media, community and Education sectors.   
Science and technology play an increasing role in everyday life and progress in modern science and technology occurs quickly, both in specific subjects and because of the opening up of new fields and new interests.  Internet is one of the new methods of scientific outreach.   
What we do to our Earth?

As we overload our atmosphere with carbon dioxide, more and more heat is trapped — and Earth steadily warms up in response. How do we know? The scientific evidence is overwhelming. Carbon dioxide levels are increasing in the atmosphere.  Trends in temperature readings from around the world show that global warming is taking place. What’s more, scientists have detailed records of the increase in level which shows its much higher today than at any point. Carbon dioxide absorbs heat reflected from the Earth’s surface then releases that heat, warming the Earth’s atmosphere. Though other heat-trapping gases also play a role, Carbon dioxide is the primary contributor to global warming.
The climate has changed many times in the geologic past due to natural causes — including volcanic activity, changes in the sun’s intensity, fluctuations in Earth’s orbit, and other factors — but none of these can account for the current rise in global temperatures.  We are responsible for the increase in level.  Scientists agree and have released numerous statements and studies showing the overwhelming consensus that global warming are happening and that human activity is the primary cause. 

Extreme storms are on the rise in some areas. More severe droughts are occurring in others. Collectively, these effects pose a threat to the entire planet   We can reduce global warming emissions and ensure communities have the resources they need to withstand the effects of climate change—but not without us. Our generous support helps develop science-based solutions for a healthy, safe, and sustainable future.

Solar is one of the most talked about alternative energy sources in the world today.  Enough energy comes from the sun in one hour to power the global population for a year.  Even though the amount of sunlight varies around the world, sunlight is a totally renewable resource, unlike oil, coal and natural gas.  As long as life exists on the earth, sunlight will play a vital role.  With efforts to combat climate change and protect our planet, solar technology is heading in a helpful and healthy direction. As individual members, we can now do our part to bring about a bigger and more impacting change. 
Science is a way of thinking, Science is a way of life, Science is a perspective, and Science is the process that takes us from confusion to understanding in a manner that is precise, predictive and reliable. Scientific advancement should aim to affirm and to improve human life as Science of Today is the Technology of Tomorrow.

Science is powerful and important. As we think about the future that lies ahead and the global issues that must be resolved such as climate change and global access to food, drinking water and health care it becomes even clearer why science is fundamental to life.
We should have all the comforts and conveniences, and we should try to improve upon them. But we must try to be masters of scientific appliances and not their slaves. We should make use of machines, but our life must not be mechanized. If we can do so, science will make our lives richer and in conquering. Nature, Science and all Living things will go hand in hand and also ennoble themselves.